“…the geographical boundary of a certain linguistic feature,
such as the pronunciation of a vowel,
the meaning of a word,
or use of some syntactic feature.”

“…with respect to word order—cultural evolution is the primary factor that determines linguistic structure, with the current state of a linguistic system shaping and constraining future states.”

Dunn et al. Nature (2011)

“The mission of the Animal Language Institute is as follows:

“Our study provides the first evidence of referential signalling in a free-ranging ape species, based on a communication system that utilises combinatorial rules.”


on Radiolab