“…human problem solving, from the most blundering
to the most insightful, involves nothing more than
varying mixtures of trial and error and selectivity.”
Simon, Herbert A. 1962. “The Architecture of Complexity.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 106:467-482.

an interactive device linked to a culture of brain cells, which are cared for in a distant laboratory (2008)

Elio’s diagram of the Neuroscope system architechture

Fritjof Capra – website


The System may or may not understand that it’s only buying time. And that time is an artificial resource to begin with, of no value to anyone or anything but the System, which sooner or later must crash to its death, when its addiction to energy has become more than the rest of the World can supply, dragging with it innocent souls all along the chain of life.
[Thomas Pynchon. Gravity's Rainbow.]

Culture and the Individual

Thanks to language and culture, human behavior can be incomparably more intelligent, more original, creative and flexible than the behavior of animals, whose brains are too small to accommodate the number of neurons necessary for the invention of language and the transmission of accumulated knowledge. But, thanks again to language and culture, human beings often behave with a stupidity, a lack of realism, a total inappropriateness, of which animals are incapable.[Aldous Huxley. Culture and the Individual. 1963, Playboy]